It lies between Kayin State to the east, the Andaman Sea to the west, Bago Region to the north and Tanintharyi Region to the south, also having a short border with Thailand's Kanchanaburi Province at its south-eastern tip. The land area is 12,155 km2. The Dawna Range, running along the eastern side of the state in a NNW–SSE direction, forms a natural border with Kayin State. Mon State includes some small islands, such as Kalegauk, Wa Kyun and Kyungyi Island, along its 566 km of coastline. The state's capital is Mawlamyaing.
Myanmar’s Southeast is comprised of several divisions in Mon State, Kayin State and the Tanintharyi Region. Mawlamyine, capital of Mon state and a formerly bustling colonial seaport, is Myanmar’s third biggest city, and home to one of the largest reclining Buddha statues in the world (not to mention the most allegedly beautiful sunset in the country). Other highlights of the area include the renowned, gravity defying Kyaiktiyo, or Golden Rock where a pagoda balances on a gilded boulder, dangling over a cliff. Hpa-an in Kayin State is home to a network of mysterious caves transformed into temples and shrines for Buddhist worship. Further south, the peninsula splinters to form the Myeik Archipelago, an enchanting collection of 800 islands spanning the coastline in the Andaman Sea, and little known to visitors.
• Watching the sunset glow on the Thanlwin River from the top of a ridge of hills lined with Buddhist monasteries and shrines in Mawlamyine.
• Walking along Mawlamyine’s busy waterfront, observing the colorful local activity and the collection of mosques built by immigrants from India during the colonial era.
• Climbing to the top of Mt Kyaiktiyo by truck or via an 6.8 mile trail through mountain forests dotted with hidden shrines and pagodas.
• Kayaking through the caves around Hpa-An
• Hiking to the top of Mt Zwegabin
• A trip to Kauthaung and a sail around the breath-taking Myeirk Archipelago